Alitalia: The Story Of Italy’s Largest Airline
Founded in 1946, Alitalia is Italy’s leading airline and provides connections both within the country to famous destinations like Rome and Milan, but also around Europe and across the world. The airline has had a complicated history including bankruptcy and ownership changes, but it remains in operation today — even though it operates without a profit.
Alitalia Company History
Alitalia in its first incarnation launched on September 16, 1946, under the name Aerolinee Italiane Internazionali. The name Alitalia is a combination of two Italian words; “ali” which translates in English as “wings,” and “Italia” which translates in English as “Italy.”
The company’s first ever flight took off on May 5, 1947, with pilot Virginio Reinero taking a Fiat G. 12 Alcione airplane on the route that connected Turin first to Catania and then to Rome.
One year later, in 1948, the airline launched its inaugural intercontinental route connecting Milan with South American cities. And from there it continued to grow, expanding to cover a host of domestic and international destinations. And with the increasing number of flight options, customers also started to request additional perks and the airline responded favorably.
In 1950, Alitalia debuted its first flight attendants, providing an extra level of customer service. They wore uniforms that had been designed by the famous designer Sorelle Fontana.
Roughly a decade later the company was struggling with making a profit yet remained a popular choice for travelers with its state-of-the-art aircraft including the Douglas DC-8, the Vickers Viscount and the Sud Caravelle. It’s said that the company’s decision to offer hot meals on its international flights helped those services to become among its most popular.
Alitalia’s financial problems continued over the years even though it remained in high demand, with roughly 25 million passengers using the airline in the 1990s. But the pressure of the unprofitable airline became too much, and could not be saved even with support from the Italian government. As a result, the company finally declared bankruptcy in August 2008.
That’s when the corporate entity Compagnia Aerea Italiana (CAI) stepped in a few months later in December 2008 with a purchase of more than €1 billion to purchase the airline’s name and fleet. This new version of Alitalia officially began life on January 13, 2009, continuing to use the same name and logo as the previous iteration of the airline but with a goal of making a profit.
But the CAI-owned Alitalia failed to achieve its plans for making the airline a sustainable operation, and on January 1, 2015, it handed ownership of the company over to another corporate entity called SAI that included some members of CAI but also Etihad Airways, which is located in Abu Dhabi. This latest version of Alitalia claims to be a separate entity from the previous versions, and even goes so far as to say that the prior versions’ corporate histories do not apply to them.
The SAI-owned Alitalia continues to operate the company for now, although there are frequently rumors about other counties and companies being interested in purchasing it. However, its ongoing inability to make any profit continues to be seen as a hindrance to such a sale. For example, the airline in 2018 lost an estimated €343 million in net profit, which is less than the €496 million it lost in profit in 2017 and €360 million in 2016, but more than the €199 it lost in 2015.
Alitalia Headquarters Location
The present-day SAI-owned Alitalia has its offices in the town of Fiumicino, which is one of Rome’s provinces. Fiumicino is also the nearest town to Rome airport Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport, which is the airline’s main hub from which it operates many of its flights.
Its website is located at https://www.alitalia.com/
Key Financial Statistics
Alitalia currently has about 12,000 employees including pilots, flight attendants, airport staff and many others working at its Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport hub and elsewhere.
The company made about €2.915 million in revenue in 2017 but this was offset by the fact that after debts and other payments were factored in it had a net profit loss of €496 million.
Details On Alitalia’s Fleet
The company currently operates roughly 3,600 flights per week to at least 81 different destinations, with at least 24 of those located within Italy and 57 in other countries
The airline flies a wide mix of aircraft, including airplanes designed for international and other long-haul flights such as the Boeing 777-200 ER, the Boeing 777-300 ER, and the Airbus A300-200. It also operates aircraft for medium-haul flights including the Airbus A319, the Airbus A320 and the Airbus 321. And the fleet also includes small aircraft designed to handle short regional flights including those solely within Italy, such as the Embraer 175 and the Embraer 190.
According to Alitalia’s most recent statistics, the airline in 2019 flew more than 21 million passengers to destinations within Italy and other countries.
In addition to passenger travel, Alitalia also operates several cargo flights that take valuable goods to destinations around the world, including those that are produced in Italy including high-end fashion and art, as well as practical items like pharmaceuticals. In particular, the International Air Transport Association has awarded the company a certification from its Center of Excellence for Independent Validators in Pharmaceutical Logistics that approves Alitalia as complying with global standards for transporting pharmaceuticals. The airline says that it carries slightly more than 70,000 tons of cargo every year for a large number of clients.
As with other airlines, Alitalia is part of the alliance known as SkyTeam through which several airlines make commitments to work with each other on important issues like connecting flights. The other members of the SkyTeam alliance are: Aeroflot, Aerolíneas Argentinas, Aeromexico, Air Europa, Air France, China Airlines, China Eastern, Czech Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Garuda Indonesia, Kenya Airways, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, Korean Air, Middle East Airlines, Saudia, Tarom, Vietnam Airlines and Xiamen Airlines.
Alitalia is also a member of the Transatlantic Joint Venture, which is a combined effort by KLM, Delta Airlines and Alitalia to improve travelers’ access to flying route options.
|Alitalia Rome Airport Fiumicino Connections||Alghero, Algiers, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona airport, Bari, Beirut, Belgrade, Bergamo airport, Berlin–Tegel, Bologna, Boston, Brindisi, Brussels, Budapest, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cagliari, Cairo, Casablanca, Catania, Delhi, Düsseldorf, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Genoa, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, Kyiv–Zhuliany, Lamezia Terme, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Marseille, Mexico City, Miami, Milan–Linate, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Munich, Naples, airport New York–JFK, Nice, Palermo airport, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pisa, Podgorica, Prague, Reggio Calabria, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Seoul–Incheon, Sofia, Tel Aviv, Tirana, Tokyo–Haneda (begins 29 March 2020), Tokyo–Narita, Toulouse, Trapani, Trieste, Tunis, Turin, Valencia, Venice, Verona, Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Zurich Seasonal: Amman–Queen Alia, Chicago–O’Hare, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Havana airport, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Lampedusa, Larnaca, Malé, Mauritius, Menorca, Mykonos airport, Olbia, Palma airport de Mallorca, Pantelleria, Rhodes airport, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco (begins 1 June 2020), Split, Tenerife–North, Toronto airport – Pearson|